Pungent, bitter and cold
Lung and stomach
1. To disperse wind-heat and benefit the throat; 2. To release toxins and bring rashes to the surface.
1. Sore throat caused by invasion of wind and heat. Arctium fruit (Niu Bang Zi) is used with platycodon root (Jie Geng), Mentha (Bothe) and Schizonepeta (Jing Jie) in the formula Niubang Tang.2. Incomplete expression of measles rash. To encourage rashes to the surface, Arctium fruit (Niubangzi) is used with Cimicifuga rhizonme (Sheng Ma), Pueraria root (Ge Gen) and Mentha (Bo He)3. Toxic heat manifested as swelling, carbuncles and mumps. Arctium fruit (Niubangzi) is used with Viola (Zi Hua Di Ding) and Wild chrysanthemum flower (Yejuhua).
This herb should be used with caution. It is contraindicated in patients with Diarrhea.